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Table 4 Presence of items on cycling facilities along actual cycling routes compared to shortest cycling routes

From: Differences in physical environmental characteristics between adolescents’ actual and shortest cycling routes: a study using a Google Street View-based audit

Item Actual cycling route (m/km; M ± SD) Shortest cycling route (m/km; M ± SD) OR (95% CI)
Type of cycle lane
 Cycle lane separated from the road 74 ± 133 45 ± 75 1.30 (0.82; 2.08)
 Adjoining cycle lane (slightly increased) 76 ± 105 89 ± 141 0.91 (0.63; 1.33)
 Cycle lane is part of the road (white lines) 52 ± 84 180 ± 252 0.64 (0.44; 0.92)*
 Non-compulsory cycle lane or of a different colour 24 ± 101 7 ± 29 1.45 (0.65; 3.25)
 No cycle lane 271 ± 243 159 ± 209 1.25 (1.01; 1.56)*
Width cycle lane
 Small 72 ± 106 166 ± 206 0.68 (0.48; 0.96)*
 Wide 242 ± 260 237 ± 276 1.01 (0.85; 1.20)
Two-way cycle lane 224 ± 254 121 ± 203 1.23 (0.98; 1.54)t
Well-maintained cycle lane 294 ± 240 376 ± 286 0.89 (0.74; 1.06)
Lighting covering cycle lane 174 ± 182 332 ± 284 0.75 (0.61; 0.94)**
Surface cycle lane
 Bitumen 273 ± 177 260 ± 237 1.03 (0.83; 1.29)
 Continuous concrete 8 ± 37 5 ± 17 1.50 (0.27; 8.41)
 Paving bricks 181 ± 199 126 ± 131 1.22 (0.91; 1.63)
 Concrete slabs 80 ± 112 109 ± 181 0.73 (0.64; 1.20)
 Cobblestones 12 ± 30 16 ± 44 0.71 (0.20; 2.48)
 Gravel 32 ± 77 23 ± 92 1.13 (0.65; 1.98)
Condition cycle lane
 Poor 28 ± 58 18 ± 78 1.25 (0.61; 2.58)
 Moderate 223 ± 182 257 ± 258 0.93 (0.76; 1.15)
 Good 335 ± 226 264 ± 229 1.15 (0.93; 1.41)
  1. Reference = shortest cycling route. For ease of interpretation of OR, distances were converted to hectometres (100 m/km)
  2. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  3. *p ≤ 0.05; **p ≤ 0.01; tp ≤ 0.1