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Table 2 Linear mixed model of participant EDA observations with group and participant-level random intercepts

From: Stress experiences in neighborhood and social environments (SENSE): a pilot study to integrate the quantified self with citizen science to improve the built environment and health

  Electrodermal activity (EDA)
B CI p
Fixed parts
Time on walk 0.20 0.17 to 0.24 < .001
Positive photo cluster 0.14 0.06 to 0.23 < .001
Negative photo cluster − 0.17 − 0.25 to − 0.09 < .001
Intersection 0.05 − 0.04 to 0.15 .284
2-way street (ref:1-way) 0.15 0.07 to 0.23 < .001
Street type (ref:Local)
Secondary − 0.49 − 0.72 to − 0.27 < .001
Major − 0.17 − 0.24 to − 0.11 < .001
Highway − 0.47 − 0.61 to − 0.34 < .001
Land use (ref: open space)
Cultural − 0.11 − 0.31 to 0.08 .244
Mixed 0.10 − 0.11 to 0.30 .365
Mixed/residential 0.29 0.12 to 0.47 < .001
Office − 0.24 − 0.40 to − 0.08 .003
Industrial 0.09 − 0.09 to 0.28 .329
Residential 0.18 0.01 to 0.35 .033
Retail/entertainment 0.01 − 0.18 to 0.20 .924
Vacant − 0.38 − 0.55 to − 0.21 < .001
Missing − 0.08 − 0.32 to 0.16 .498
Building age (ref: 1976present)
1951–1975 0.15 − 0.03 to 0.33 .107
1926–1950 0.10 0.01 to 0.18 .030
Pre-1925 0.09 0.02 to 0.17 .011
Unknown 0.32 0.16 to 0.48 < .001
(Intercept) 0.01 − 0.19 to 0.20 .932
Random parts    
 σ2 0.854   
 Npartid:(partgroup:time) 14   
 Npartgroup:time 5   
 Ntime 2   
 Observations 5412   
R2 20 .119/.119   
  1. Italic values are significant at p < 0.05