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Table 1 Characteristics of studies included (n = 27 studies)

From: Social and physical environmental correlates of independent mobility in children: a systematic review taking sex/gender differences into account

Characteristics N (%) Study source
Study design   
 Cross-sectional 23 (85) [12, 23,24,25,26, 32, 33, 35, 36, 48, 50, 51, 53,54,55,56,57,58,59, 61,62,63,64]
 Longitudinal including cross-sectional analyses 2 (8) [27, 49]
 Longitudinal 2 (8) [52, 60]
Sample size   
 < 500 14 (52) [12, 25, 27, 49, 53, 55,56,57,58,59,60,61, 63, 64]
 > 500 13 (48) [23, 24, 26, 32, 33, 35, 36, 48, 50,51,52, 54, 62]
Geographic origin   
 Europe 11 (41) [12, 23, 25, 35, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 62, 64]
 North America/Canada 5 (18) [24, 26, 32, 61, 63]
 Australia/New Zealand 10 (37) [27, 33, 36, 48, 49, 53,54,55, 57, 60]
 Asia 1 (4) [50]
Publication year   
 2010–2017 23 (85) [23,24,25,26,27, 32, 33, 35, 36, 48,49,50,51,52,53,54,55, 57,58,59,60,61, 63]
 1990–2009 4 (15) [12, 56, 62, 64]
IM definitiona   
 CIM range 3 (11) [35, 56, 63]
 CIM time 0  
CIM destination 18 (67) [23, 25, 26, 32, 33, 36, 48, 51,52,53,54,55, 57,58,59,60, 62, 64]
 CIM license 10 (37) [12, 23, 24, 27, 49, 53, 56, 58, 61, 64]
 No response 1 (4) [50]
IM Measurement   
 Child reported 6 (22) [51, 52, 55, 59, 60, 62]
 Parent reported 10 (37) [12, 24,25,26,27, 35, 49, 56, 61, 63]
 Child and parent reported 10 (37) [23, 32, 33, 36, 48, 53, 54, 57, 58, 64]
 No response 1 (4) [50]
Correlates measurement   
 Objective 1 (4) [51]
 Subjective 10 (37) [12, 24,25,26,27, 35, 56, 59, 62, 63]
 Objective and subjective 16 (59) [23, 32, 33, 36, 48,49,50, 52,53,54,55, 57, 58, 60, 61, 64]
  1. aMore than 100% possible due to multiple types of CIM in one study