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Table 1 Basic health indicators for Haiti and the Dominican Republic

From: Cross-border spatial accessibility of health care in the North-East Department of Haiti

Health indicators Haiti Dominican Republic
Life expectancy at birth (2016) * 63.3 73.9
Men 61.2 70.8
Women 65.5 77.1
Mortality rate of the under 5 years (probability of death before age of 5 per 1000 live births, 2016)** 67 30.7
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births, 2014)*** 359 92
New HIV infections among adults 15–49 years old (per 1000 uninfected population, 2015)**** 0.21 0.36
Births attended by trained personnel (%) 50.0a 68.6b
Skill health professionals density (per 10,000 habitants) 6.5c 28.2d
  1. Sources: *World Development Indicators. World Bank Group at
  2. **Estimates Developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at
  3. ***WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, World Bank Group, and the United Nations Population Division. Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990–2015. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2015
  4. ****2015, Source: UNAIDS/WHO; estimates 2016
  5. a2015
  6. b2014; PAHO/WHO, Health in the Americas—Summary: Regional Outlook and Country Profiles, 2017
  7. cSource: MSPP, 2012
  8. dSource: 2005–2013, WHO Global Health Workforce Statistics database