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Table 6 Descriptive statistics of independent variables by cluster (including cluster comparison for 2011), 1991 and 2011

From: Continuities and changes in spatial patterns of under-five mortality at the district level in India (1991–2011)

  Under five mortality rate Female literacy Female labor force participation rate Female scheduled caste and tribe Access to sanitation facilities Access to safe water Road Infra structure Access to medical facilities Urbanization Access to electricity
Cluster 1
1991
 Mean 78.47 44.48 33.34 21.61 27.15 58.88 60.25 42.83 25.21 53.90
 CV 0.37 0.48 0.45 0.62 0.82 0.38 0.44 0.69 0.71 0.39
2011
 Mean 71.19 67.17 30.41 23.31 51.71 79.42 80.53 61.74 33.68 85.13
 CV 0.30 0.21 0.38 0.60 0.48 0.27 0.34 0.39 0.59 0.18
2011*
 Mean 73.22 68.10 30.71 23.65 50.54 78.19 80.08 60.04 34.12 83.87
 CV 0.33 0.21 0.36 0.58 0.51 0.29 0.33 0.43 0.64 0.21
Cluster 2
1991
 Mean 140.11 31.24 29.04 31.23 17.09 55.26 29.85 31.52 22.67 42.04
 CV 0.24 0.42 0.64 0.40 0.69 0.30 0.44 1.14 0.77 0.48
2011
 Mean 94.37 61.08 25.52 32.24 31.15 83.77 58.92 34.99 26.55 62.34
 CV 0.18 0.17 0.47 0.39 0.51 0.13 0.31 0.45 0.59 0.37
2011*
 Mean 93.42 59.40 17.67 24.22 44.05 89.77 61.06 47.29 27.82 56.16
 CV 0.22 0.16 0.58 0.50 0.47 0.11 0.42 0.44 0.60 0.47
Cluster 3
1991
 Mean 99.87 42.91 43.88 55.13 39.17 46.82 23.79 21.51 14.90 31.35
 CV 0.46 0.31 0.50 0.64 0.52 0.42 0.60 0.83 0.78 0.58
2011
 Mean 86.40 67.59 31.39 55.73 69.19 60.58 30.01 47.28 18.61 54.32
 CV 0.27 0.16 0.48 0.64 0.24 0.36 0.73 0.50 0.67 0.42
2011*
 Mean 88.13 65.58 30.28 52.47 61.46 66.73 36.16 42.52 17.97 52.07
 CV 0.26 0.17 0.52 0.68 0.41 0.36 0.73 0.59 0.67 0.43
Cluster 4
1991
 Mean 89.73 41.54 23.42 28.53 27.94 72.80 56.39 54.86 25.79 58.31
 CV 0.33 0.37 0.93 0.71 0.69 0.26 0.59 0.63 0.77 0.44
2011
 Mean 77.13 67.50 22.15 28.61 62.17 91.26 70.76 50.71 32.10 79.33
 CV 0.27 0.15 0.62 0.67 0.28 0.11 0.40 0.44 0.70 0.28
2011*
 Mean 75.44 67.81 27.65 33.65 53.58 86.56 71.12 44.40 30.26 84.45
 CV 0.23 0.15 0.50 0.57 0.43 0.13 0.38 0.50 0.66 0.15
Cluster 5
1991
 Mean 118.93 23.10 20.66 27.00 10.09 54.30 30.11 45.19 13.79 18.31
 CV 0.28 0.37 0.48 0.55 0.79 0.39 0.32 0.76 0.79 0.84
2011
 Mean 98.38 56.64 15.33 27.47 23.67 88.07 66.37 40.09 13.57 32.06
 CV 0.14 0.12 0.41 0.51 0.51 0.16 0.32 0.57 0.78 0.62
2011*
 Mean 89.38 55.39 13.94 25.69 23.85 84.19 72.01 46.69 14.14 25.85
 CV 0.11 0.10 0.39 0.57 0.35 0.23 0.31 0.43 0.77 0.66
Cluster 6
1991
 Mean 101.40 31.96 20.44 30.42 17.24 58.96 28.82 22.69 18.57 23.56
 CV 0.30 0.45 0.59 0.50 0.96 0.43 0.48 0.62 0.95 0.76
2011
 Mean 78.91 60.18 16.05 31.53 35.28 81.39 64.09 40.44 20.07 41.77
 CV 0.21 0.20 0.43 0.49 0.70 0.21 0.33 0.45 0.89 0.61
2011*
 Mean 82.52 61.39 17.62 34.16 39.20 79.76 55.86 42.75 19.05 45.41
 CV 0.25 0.19 0.48 0.55 0.67 0.23 0.39 0.48 0.91 0.57
  1. *These values are based on clusters formed from t-values of GWR in the 2011 census