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Table 2 Prevalence of associated pathogens for I. scapularis by reported citizen scientist activity [% (# / n, 95% CI)]

From: Citizen science informs human-tick exposure in the Northeastern United States

  B. burgdorferi s.l. (lyme group) Hard-tick relapsing fever Borrelia (TBRF)
Community level recreation 16.3 (105/643, 13.6–19.5) 1.2 (8/643, 0.6–2.5)
Daily activities 15 (61/406, 11.8–19) 0.7 (3/406, 0.2–2.3)
Gardening, yard work, mowing 21.1 (110/521, 17.7–24.9) 1.5 (8/521, 0.7–3.1)
Outdoor recreation 22.4 (74/330, 18.1–27.4) 1.2 (4/330, 0.4–3.3)
Unknown 23.4 (51/218, 18.1–29.7) 2.8 (6/218, 1.1–6.2)
Walking/walking pet 24.1 (110/456, 20.3–28.4) 2 (9/456, 1–3.8)