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Table 4 Summaries of covariates and outcomes of retained VISTA12 participants by liveability score quintile

From: The Urban Liveability Index: developing a policy-relevant urban liveability composite measure and evaluating associations with transport mode choice

  ULI quintiles p value
84.6, 95.0 95.0, 98.4 98.4, 100.8 100.8, 103.4 103.4, 117.7  
N 2465 2464 2465 2464 2465  
Age       
Continuous—median [IQR] 46 [24.0] 48 [25.0] 46 [25.0] 46 [26.0] 43 [25.0] 0.029a
 Group—n (%)       
  18–29 434 (17.6) 407 (16.5) 429 (17.4) 436 (17.7) 469 (19.0) < 0.001b
  30–49 981 (39.8) 916 (37.2) 1012 (41.1) 966 (39.2) 1012 (41.1)  
  50–64 721 (29.2) 727 (29.5) 649 (26.3) 627 (25.4) 641 (26.0)  
  65 and over 329 (13.3) 414 (16.8) 375 (15.2) 435 (17.7) 343 (13.9)  
Sex       
Male 1211 (49.1) 1207 (49.0) 1202 (48.8) 1192 (48.4) 1193 (48.4) 0.516c
Female 1254 (50.9) 1257 (51.0) 1263 (51.2) 1272 (51.6) 1272 (51.6)  
Household structure       
Lone person 143 (5.8) 239 (9.7) 259 (10.5) 306 (12.4) 436 (17.7) < 0.001b
With children 824 (33.4) 785 (31.9) 753 (30.5) 631 (25.6) 605 (24.5)  
Without children 1498 (60.8) 1440 (58.4) 1453 (58.9) 1527 (62.0) 1424 (57.8)  
Employedn (%)       
Yes 1825 (74.0) 1745 (70.8) 1729 (70.1) 1712 (69.5) 1737 (70.5) 0.003c
Vehicle accessn (%)       
No 24 (1.0) 42 (1.7) 80 (3.2) 90 (3.7) 181 (7.3) < 0.001c
Survey administration day of weeken (%)   
Weekday 1922 (78.0) 1868 (75.8) 1834 (74.4) 1883 (76.4) 1878 (76.2) 0.003b
Weekend 543 (22.0) 596 (24.2) 631 (25.6) 581 (23.6) 587 (23.8)  
Equivalised household income (pre-tax weekly $AUD)   
Continuous—median [IQR] 972.2 [775.0] 945 [847.9] 933.3 [833.3] 958.3 [916.7] 1022 [1104.0] 0.098d
 Quintiles—n (%)       
  < 500 448 (18.2) 525 (21.3) 548 (22.2) 552 (22.4) 547 (22.2) < 0.001b
  500–810 486 (19.7) 464 (18.8) 514 (20.9) 440 (17.9) 413 (16.8)  
  812–1125 561 (22.8) 497 (20.2) 491 (19.9) 483 (19.6) 426 (17.3)  
  1129–1633 536 (21.7) 522 (21.2) 480 (19.5) 501 (20.3) 463 (18.8)  
  > 1635 434 (17.6) 456 (18.5) 432 (17.5) 488 (19.8) 616 (25.0)  
At least one transport trip reported, by mode of transportn (%)  
Walking 390 (15.8) 528 (21.4) 655 (26.6) 717 (29.1) 1068 (43.3) < 0.001c
Cycling 38 (1.5) 36 (1.5) 51 (2.1) 82 (3.3) 136 (5.5) < 0.001c
Public transport 64 (2.6) 144 (5.8) 238 (9.7) 282 (11.4) 459 (18.6) < 0.001c
Private vehicle 2331 (94.6) 2253 (91.4) 2143 (86.9) 2085 (84.6) 1850 (75.1) < 0.001c
  1. Tests: aLinear model (trend); bChi squared; cGeneralised linear model (trend); dLinear model (square root transformed; trend); eSurvey day of administration was included as separate days in statistical models, but for conciseness summarised here as week or weekend day