Skip to main content

Table 4 Percentages of social participation types around equipment or play areas (mean (SD))

From: Behavioral mapping of children’s physical activities and social behaviors in an indoor preschool facility: methodological challenges in revealing the influence of space in play

Equipment or play areaSocial participation
Active conversation with teachersAssociative playOnlooker behaviourParallelSolitary
Ball experiment0 (0)40.57 (44.32)4.73 (6.02)11.92 (13.08)42.78 (45.34)
Ball lift1.85 (4.54)15.95 (19.52)4.99 (5.60)40.60 (29.89)34.76 (17.64)
Grocery store shelf0 (0)30.74 (29.47)3.87 (5.19)44.84 (24.39)19.24 (14.89)
Grocery till0 (0)60.51 (23.08)0.61 (0.94)18.34 (9.20)14.93 (18.07)
Horses0.85 (2.09)51.65 (35.53)7.84 (9.34)7.59 (7.66)14.54 (16.43)
Magnet board0 (0)26.84 (34.33)3.12 (7.65)24.73 (38.69)45.30 (45.67)
Puppet box1.59 (3.89)28.93 (30.25)16.36 (28.98)14.15 (20.18)13.68 (15.18)
Scattered blocks0.56 (1.11)34.44 (26.98)7.36 (5.04)22.74 (17.89)26.81 (18.82)
Wind tube experiment0 (0)30.55 (19.73)4.44 (4.21)42.87 (28.71)20.23 (21.28)
Wood tree house0.83 (2.04)23.00 (25.00)9.00 (10.85)22.45 (10.84)43.16 (25.82)
Xylophone0 (0)20 (44.72)0 (0)6.67 (14.91)53.33 (50.55)
Scattered blocks II6.17 (0)38.27 (0)12.35 (0)28.40 (0)9.88 (0)
Skipping pods0.45 (0.64)31.48 (6.44)6.43 (3.65)30.79 (16.34)27.58 (26.27)
Equipment or play areaSocial participation 
Unoccupied behaviourActive conversation with peersAggressionImitation 
Ball experiment0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0) 
Ball lift1.85 (4.54)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0) 
Grocery store shelf1.30 (2.09)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0) 
Grocery till3.28 (5.45)0.57 (1.28)2.78 (5.56)0 (0) 
Horses0 (0)1.03 (2.29)0 (0)0 (0) 
Magnet board0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0) 
Puppet box7.33 (9.27)1.55 (2.13)0 (0)0 (0) 
Scattered blocks5.31 (4.42)2.65 (2.51)0.56 (0.49)0.74 (1.05) 
Wind tube experiment0.45 (1.10)0.78 (1.19)0.90 (1.81)0.60 (0.85) 
Wood tree house0.72 (1.77)1.00 (2.24)0 (0)0 (0) 
Xylophone0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0) 
Scattered blocks II2.47 (0)1.23 (0)1.23 (0)0 (0) 
Skipping pods2.37 (2.08)0 (0)1.80 (0)0 (0)