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Table 2 Neighborhood definitions and PA domains observed

From: Measuring the association of objective and perceived neighborhood environment with physical activity in older adults: challenges and implications from a systematic review

  Objective Perceived
Administrativea Buffer sizes (meter)b Otherc N.A Walk from home Otherd N.A
 ≤ 250 250—500 800—1000  > 1000 5 min 10–20 min
Arvidsson et al. [104]          
Bodeker [140]          
Bracy et al. [147]            
Compernolle et al. [121]       x     x  
Dadvand et al. [127]            
Ding et al. [82]           
Duncan and Mummery [138]          
Fisher et al. [144]          
Forjuoh et al. [126]          
Gauvin et al. [133]          
Gómez et al. [134]          
Hajna et al. [119]          
Hall and Mc Auley [132]           
Hanibuchi et al. [123]          
Hu et al. [139]          
King [146]            
Lee et al. [151]          
Li et al. [153]          
Mathis et al. [143]          
Michael et al. [53]          
Mowen et al. [40]          
Nagel et al. [137]         
Nathan et al. [152]            
Nathan et al. [120]          
Ng et al. [125]           
Nyunt et al. [136]           
Orstad et al. [131]          
Piro et al. [149]          
Satariano et al. [145]          
Strath et al. [129]          
Towne et al. [122]            
Trinh et al. [128]          
Troped et al. [130]            
Van Holle et al. [148]           
Wu et al. [124]           
Sum: objective/perceived assessment      
∆ = 32/28
 = 16/16
 = 11/11
x = 1/1
∆ = 6
 = 4
 = 3
x = 0
∆ = 1
 = 0
 = 0
x = 0
∆ = 11
 = 5
 = 4
x = 0
∆ = 4
 = 2
 = 1
x = 0
∆ = 3
 = 2
 = 1
x = 0
∆ = 6
 = 3
 = 2
x = 1
∆ = 2
 = 0
 = 0
x = 0
∆ = 1
 = 0
 = 0
x = 0
∆ = 12
 = 7
 = 6
x = 0
∆ = 10
 = 4
 = 2
x = 1
∆ = 6
 = 3
 = 3
x = 0
Number of different studies (some studies used more than one buffer size) ∑ = 8 ∑ = 1 ∑ = 13 ∑ = 4 ∑ = 4 ∑ = 6 ∑ = 2 ∑ = 1 ∑ = 15 ∑ = 11 ∑ = 8
  1. 1i.e. postal code, census area
  2. be.g. circular or network buffer around participant’s home addresses (Additional file 4 provides the exact definition for each study)
  3. ce.g. straight line distances, Euclidian distances or network distances
  4. de.g. “in your neighborhood”
  5. ∆: total/neighborhood walking/walking level; total PA, PA level/MVPA
  6. : walking/PA for recreation
  7. : walking/PA for transport
  8. x: sedentary behavior