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Table 1. 2012 Panama land cover categories

From: Landscape disturbance impacts on Attalea butyracea palm distribution in central Panama

Original assigned categorya Consolidated Total area Masked areab Palms
2012   km2 % km2 % # %
Bosque latifoliado mixto maduro Mixed mature broadleaf forest Mature forest 0.67 0.22 0.53 0.23 125 0.25
Bosque latifoliado mixto secundario Mixed secondary broadleaf forest Secondary/planted forest (established) 78.72 26.18 59.50 25.30 16,521 32.42
Bosque plantado de coníferas Conifer planted forest Secondary/planted forest (established) 0.03 0.01 0.02 0.01 3 0.01
Bosque plantado de latifoliadas Hardwood planted forest Secondary/planted forest (established) 1.04 0.35 0.70 0.30 94 0.18
Rastrojo y vegetación arbustiva Vegetation regrowth and Bushes Secondary/planted forest (new growth) 6.52 2.17 5.51 2.34 1593 3.13
Maíz Corn Food crops 0.12 0.04 0.12 0.05 1 0.00
Piña Pineapple Food crops 6.31 2.10 3.79 1.61 298 0.58
Pasto Pasture Pasture 164.02 54.56 130.42 55.45 24,169 47.43
Superficie del agua Surface water Secondary/planted forest (riparian) 33.45 11.13 26.43 11.24 7126 13.98
Área poblada Populated area Built environment 9.39 3.12 7.86 3.34 1016 1.99
Infraestructura Infrastructure Built environment 0.37 0.12 0.34 0.14 9 0.02
  Total 300.65   235.22   50,955  
  1. aLand cover categories assigned by the Panamanian Ministry of the Environment (MiAmbiente), formerly La Autoridad Nacional de Ambiente de Panama (ANAM)
  2. bThere was no significant difference between masked area and total area in any category