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Table 5 Cluster area by land disturbance gradient

From: Landscape disturbance impacts on Attalea butyracea palm distribution in central Panama

  Cluster area (ha)
Total Min Max a sd
Mature forest 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0
Secondary/planted forest 70.50 0.25 4.50 0.41 0.5
 New growth (≤ 5 years) 7.25 0.25 4.50 0.81 1.32
 Established (> 5 years) 55 0.25 3.75 0.41 0.44
 Riparian zone 8.25 0.25 0.50 0.28 0.09
Pasture 69.75 0.25 3.00 0.43 0.43
Food crops 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0
Built environment 1.25 0.25 0.75 0.42 0.24
Overall 142.00 0.25 4.50 0.42 0.47
  1. aThere is no evidence of statistical difference among average cluster size by disturbance gradient, given by Kruskal–Wallis non-parametric analysis of variance by ranks test