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Table 6 Average distance (m) of palms and clusters to objects of interest

From: Landscape disturbance impacts on Attalea butyracea palm distribution in central Panama

  Buildings Rivers Other palm/cluster
Palm Cluster Palm Cluster Palm Cluster
Mature forest 833.27a 1047.6b 166.64 0b 23.53 403.21
Secondary/planted forest 380.17a 322.15 141.79a 119.38 22.16 520.75
 New growth (≤ 5 years) 358.42 358.87 181.27 180.23 19.83 335.59
 Established (> 5 years) 404.53 327.73 193.87 140.94 21.32 550.42
 Riparian zone 328.23 284.82 11.51 0.11 24.62 440.10
Pasture 352.34a 292.36 182.01b 124.03 23.66 438.89
Food crops 263.37a 340.62 159.47 130.9b 25.96 403.20
Built environment 57.12a 31.63b 136.77b 95.77 27.08 168.75
  1. Comparisons run using Dunn's Multiple Comparison Test for non-parametric post-hoc pairwise analysis, alpha = 0.05
  2. aThis value is significantly different in all possible pairwise tests
  3. bShared categories are only significantly different from each other in pairwise testing