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Table 2 The hierarchical binary logistic regression models of noise and annoyance

From: Geographic Ecological Momentary Assessment (GEMA) of environmental noise annoyance: the influence of activity context and the daily acoustic environment

Variables Model 1 Model 2 Variables Model 1 Model 2
OR/(90% CI) OR/(90% CI) OR/(90% CI) OR/(90% CI)
Individual attributes    Activity location (Reference: home)
 Gender (female = 0) 0.87 (0.51, 1.5) 0.89 (0.54, 1.48)   Workplace 1.28 (0.62, 2.67) 1.36 (0.64,2.91)
 Age 0.99 (0.74, 1.32) 1.01 (0.77, 1.32)  Others 0.78 (0.43, 1.39) 0.75 (0.41,1.36)
Education level (Reference: Senior high school or lower)  Companions (No = 0) 0.94 (0.66, 1.33) 0.95 (0.67,1.36)
 Technical secondary school/bachelor degree 2.20 (1.15, 4.2)** 1.67 (0.88, 3.18) The timing of activity (Reference: 8:00)
 Master degree or higher 0.67 (0.28, 1.65) 0.56 (0.22, 1.40)  12:00 0.97 (0.67, 1.42) 0.94 (0.64,1.38)
Income (Reference: 0–3000Yuan)  16:00 1.27 (0.91, 1.77) 1.27 (0.90,1.78)
 3001–6000 0.90 (0.48, 1.68) 1.05 (0.56, 1.98)  20:00 0.95 (0.61, 1.47) 0.91 (0.58,1.43)
 > 6000 2.57 (1.25, 5.26)** 3.27 (1.41, 7.59)*** The geographic environment of activity place
Marital status (Married = 0) 1.45 (0.77, 2.73) 1.23 (0.69, 2.21) PM2.5 (μg/m3) 0.98 (0.81, 1.18) 1.01 (0.83,1.23)
 Work (Full-time employment = 0) 1.22 (0.55, 2.72) 1.12 (0.56, 2.26) Temperature (℃) 1.10 (0.94, 1.29) 1.15* (0.98,1.37)
 Mental health (Reference: 13–25) 1.03 (0.55, 1.96) 0.90 (0.52, 1.55) Humidity (%) 1.02 (0.84, 1.22) 1.04 (0.85,1.27)
 Physical health 1.26 (0.93, 1.7) 1.17 (0.86, 1.57) Green space 0.96 (0.80, 1.15) 0.96 (0.79,1.16)
Activity attributes    Building density 0.97 (0.82, 1.14) 0.96 (0.81,1.14)
 Activity type (Reference: Sleeping) Population density 0.89 (0.75, 1.06) 0.89 (0.74,1.06)
 Work 0.62 (0.30, 1.30) 0.57 (0.27, 1.22) Daily acoustic environment   
 Personal or family affairs 0.69 (0.39, 1.22) 0.67 (0.38, 1.20) LAeq,48h   0.74 (0.58,0.93)**
 Shopping, recreation and social activities 0.77 (0.40, 1.50) 0.76 (0.39,1.48) Subjective evaluation of community noise   1.44 (1.12,1.85)***
 Travel 1.22 (0.54, 2.73) 1.27 (0.55,2.90) Sound level (dB (A)) 1.14 (0.97, 1.35) 1.20 (1.01,1.44)**
 Activity duration 0.94 (0.80,1.10) 0.93 (0.79,1.10)    
  1. The index of PM, temperature, humidity, NDVI, building density, population density and \({\mathrm{L}}_{\mathrm{Aeq},48\mathrm{h}}\) have been standardized. Variance inflation factors (VIF < 5)
  2. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  3. *P < 0.1, **P < 0.05, ***P < 0.01