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Table 1 Characteristics of study subjects at the baseline (2016) by gender

From: Neighborhood environment and muscle mass and function among rural older adults: a 3-year longitudinal study

  Male Female
n 1013 1513
Age = 60–75/76 + (%) 712/301 (70.3/29.7) 1073/440 (70.9/29.1)
Town of residence (%)   
 Unnan 492 (48.6) 625 (41.3)
 Oki 261 (25.8) 512 (33.8)
 Onan 260 (25.7) 376 (24.9)
 Smoking status = Yes (%) 159 (15.7) 13 (0.9)
Drinking status (%)   
 Yes 532 (52.5) 133 (8.8)
 Occasionally 183 (18.1) 280 (18.5)
 No 298 (29.4) 1100 (72.7)
 Physical activity habit = Yes (%) 524 (51.7) 760 (50.2)
 Musculoskeletal disorders = Yes (%) 153 (15.1) 486 (32.1)
 Cardiovascular disease history = Yes (%) 109 (10.8) 114 (7.5)
 Cerebrovascular disease history = Yes (%) 65 (6.4) 45 (3.0)