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Table 5 Logistic regression of possible factors explaining high perceived stress

From: Stress and perceived health among primary care visitors in two corners of Europe: Scandinavia and Greece

Factors Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Final model  
OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value
Scandinavian Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference  
Greek 1.20 (0.50–2.90) 0.70 1.62 (0.78–3.36) 0.20 1.01 (0.46–2.22) 0.98 0.84 (0.36–1.95) 0.68
Female Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference  
Male 0.84 (0.37–1.89) 0.67 0.89 (0.40–1.96) 0.78 0.80 (0.34–1.90) 0.60 0.77 (0.33–1.81) 0.55
Age (18–29 Y) Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference  
Age (30–49 y) 1.01 (0.43–2.66) 0.90 1.38 (0.54–3.52) 0.45 1.61 (0.54–4.83) 0.40 1.30 (0.46–3.64) 0.62
Age (50–65 Y) 0.66 (0.25–1.73) 0.40 1.39 (0.64–3.00) 0.40 1.86 (0.75–4.61) 0.20 1.55 (0.70–3.52) 0.30
Employed Reference  
Unemployment 1.00 (0.42–2.04) 0.84
Not smoking Reference  
Smoker 1.25 (0.57–2.76) 0.60       
No experience of economic crisis Reference  
Experience of conomic crisis 1.60 (0.60–4.20) 0.35
No Serious life events Reference   Reference  
Yes serious life events 2.18 (1.00–4.76) 0.05* 1.64 (0.77–3.52) 0.21
Hope for the future Reference  
Hopeless about the future 1.00 (0.37–2.22) 0.84
Cortisol medium Reference   _
Cortisol low   1.27 (0.60–2.47) 0.58
Cortisol high 1.67 (0.39–7.17) 0.41
Good perceived health Reference  
Bad perceived health 1.70 (0.81–3.53) 0.16
No longstanding illness Reference    
Yes longstanding illness 1.32 (0.57–3.08) 0.51
No Anxiety Reference   Reference  
Anxiety medium 5.06 (2.20–11.63) 0.0001* 4.90 (2.10–11.31) 0.0001*
Anxiety high 5.61 (1.95–16.17)  < 0.001* 3.79 (1.80–7.96)  < 0.0001*
No Depression Reference   Reference  
Depression Medium 3.58 (1.29–9.94) 0.01* 3.32 (1.20–9.29) 0.02*
Depression high 1.56 (0.38–6.43) 0.54 1.49 (0.36–6.16) 0.21
  1. Model 1 includes background factors and socioeconomic and psychosocial factors, model 2 includes background factors and stress indicators, model 3 includes background factors and indicator of illness. The final model only includes the background factors and significant indicators from the models. The model was significant, p-value 0.0001, Cox& Snell 0.204 and Nagelkerke 0.300
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