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Table 2 MAPS-Global Route section reliability scores (n = 349) between on-street and online raters

From: Reliability of streetscape audits comparing on‐street and online observations: MAPS-Global in 5 countries

Subscale Content Range of scores Number of items Inter-Rater Agreement
Kappa/ICC
Rater’s mean (SD)
On-street Online
Destination and Land Use section (DLU)
 Residential Mix 1 = Apartment over retail only
2 = Apartments or multi-family only
3 = Mixed or other
4 = Single family only
0 = None
0–4 4 0.823 ICC 2.71 (0.97) 2.76 (0.99)
  Commercial-Shops Grocery, convenience store, bakery, drugstore, other retail, shopping mall, strip mall, open air market 0–26 8 0.838 ICC 4.34 (5.12) 3.76 (4.46)
 Commercial -Restaurants/Entertainment Fast food, sit-down, café, entertainment 0–15 4 0.775 ICC 2.32 (3.21) 1.93 (2.72)
 Institutional/Services Bank, health-related professional, other service 0–15 3 0.859 ICC 4.13 (3.97) 3.47 (3.68)
 Public Recreation Facilities Public indoor, public outdoor pay-to-use, public park and trail 0–5 4 0.752 ICC 0.53 (0.81) 0.51 (0.82)
 Private Recreation Facilities Private indoor and outdoor 0–3 2 0.680 ICC 0.17 (0.48) 0.17 (0.49)
  Institutional - Place of Worship Temple, church, synagogue, convent, mosque, etc. 0–5 1 0.803 ICC 0.25 (0.56) 0.20 (0.49)
 Institutional - School Any type of school 0–5 1 0.692 ICC 0.64 (1.08) 0.44 (0.74)
 Pedestrian Street Pedestrian street or zone 0.5 1 0.902 ICC 0.30 (0.82) 0.33 (0.86)
 Overall DLU Negative Age-restricted bar, liquor or alcohol store 0–6 2 0.696 ICC 0.30 (0.84) 0.34 (0.92)
 Overall DLU Positive Residential Density Mix + Commercial-Shops + Commercial Restaurants/Entertainment + Institutional/Services + Institutional-Place of worship + Institutional-School + Public Recreation Facilities + Private Recreation Facilities + Pedestrian Street or Zone 1–59 28 0.854 ICC 14.62 (12.81) 12.74 (11.36)
 Overall DLU Score DLU Overall Positive Subscale – DLU Overall Negative Subscale -3-59 30 0.856 ICC 14.32 (12.69) 12.40 (11.35)
Streetscape section
 Transit Transit type and amenities, informal places to catch transit 0–10 14 0.788 ICC 2.83 (2.70) 2.48 (2.39)
 Traffic calming Number of signs, circles, speed tables, speed humps, curb extensions in segment; recoded: 0 = 0, 1 = 1, 2 = 2, 3 = 3, 4 = 4, 5 + = 5 0–5 1 0.597 ICC 2.47 (1.98) 1.90 (1.78)
 Street Amenities Presence of trash bins, benches, bicycle racks, bicycle lockers/compounds, kiosks/information booths, hawkers/shops/carts. 0–5 6 0.891 ICC 1.45 (1.42) 1.33 (1.42)
 Overall Streetscape Positive Transit, traffic calming, street amenities 0–18 21 0.742 ICC 6.95 (4.45) 5.90 (4.00)
Aesthetics and Social section
 Overall Aesthetics and Social Positive Hardscape, water, softscape, landscaping 0–4 4 0.612 ICC 1.03 (0.73) 1.09 (0.83)
 Overall Aesthetics and Social Negative Buildings not maintained, graffiti, litter, dog fouling, extent of disorder, highway nearby 0–6 6 0.738 ICC 2.74 (1.63) 2.36 (1.50)
 Overall Aesthetics and Social Score Positive + Negative − 6–3 10 0.736 ICC -1.71 (1.92) -1.27 (1.98)
  1. SD standard deviation
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