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Table 3 MAPS-Global Segment section reliability scores (n = 1370) between on-street and online raters

From: Reliability of streetscape audits comparing on‐street and online observations: MAPS-Global in 5 countries

Subscale Content Range of scores Number of items Inter-Rater Agreement
Kappa/ICC
Rater’s mean (SD)
On-street Online
Building Height and Setbacks Positive Setbacks/building height 1–13 3 0.897 ICC 5.73 (3.48) 5.48 (3.39)
Sidewalk Qualities Positive Sidewalk presence and width 0–6 2 0.856 ICC 4.79 (1.70) 4.83 (1.56)
Buffers Positive Parking and buffer 0–5 2 0.848 ICC 3.42 (1.72) 3.50 (1.70)
Bicycle Infrastructure Positive Bike lane presence, quality, signage 0–5 3 0.856 ICC 0.32 (1.04) 0.38 (1.16)
Building Aesthetics and Design Positive Windows, trichotomized 0–2 1 0.617 ICC 1.63 (0.62) 1.60 (0.61)
Shade Positive Number of trees, percent shade from trees and other coverage 0–6 3 0.855 ICC 1.74 (1.56) 1.73 (1.50)
Pedestrian Infrastructure Positive Mid-segment crossing, pedestrian bridge, covered place to walk, street lights 0–5 4 0.616 ICC 1.08 (0.75) 0.93 (0.74)
Informal Path or Shortcut Positive Informal path connecting to something else, Yes or No 0–1 1 0.538 K 0.09 (0.28) 0.07 (0.26)
Hawkers/Shops Positive Hawkers/shops on sidewalk or pedestrian zone 0–3 1 0.194 ICC 0.02 (0.13) 0.06 (0.31)
Building Height: Road Width and Setback Ratio Positive Smallest and largest setbacks, building height and road width 0–3 5 0.688 ICC 1.10 (1.06) 0.93 (1.14)
Overall Segments Positive Sum of positive segment subscales 3–34 25 0.927 ICC 20.19 (6.97) 19.75 (7.08)
Overall Segments Negative Sidewalk not continuous, trip hazards, obstructions, cars blocking walkway, slope, fences, driveways 0–13 7 0.852 ICC 3.42 (3.41) 3.41 (3.18)
Overall Segments Score Positive-Negative − 8-34 32 0.929 ICC 16.74 (9.60) 16.33 (9.48)
  1. SD standard deviation