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Table 4 MAPS-Global Crossing section reliability scores between on-street and online raters

From: Reliability of streetscape audits comparing on‐street and online observations: MAPS-Global in 5 countries

Subscale Content Range of scores Number of items n Inter-Rater Agreement
Kappa/ICC
Rater’s mean (SD)
On-street Online
Crosswalk Amenities Positive Crossing aids, marked crosswalk, high visible striping, different material, curb extension, raised crosswalk, refuge islands 0–4 7 799 0.907 ICC 0.93 (1.14) 0.92 (1.11)
Curb Quality Positive Curb presence, curbs lined up, tactile paving 0–6 3 782 0.751 ICC 4.34 (1.65) 4.16 (1.75)
Intersection Control and Signage Positive Yield signs, stop signs, traffic signal, traffic circle, walk signals, push buttons, countdown signal 0–4 7 799 0.888 ICC 1.01 (1.03) 0.97 (1.09)
Bicycle Positive Waiting area, bike lane crossing the crossing, bike signal 0–2 3 797 0.817 ICC 0.08 (0.34) 0.07 (0.33)
Pedestrian Overpass Positive Crossing on pedestrian overpass, bridge. Yes or No 0–1 1 799 99.4a 0.00 (0.04) 0.01 (0.07)
Overall Crossings Positive Positive crossing (sum of all above) 0–15 21 780 0.895 ICC 6.39 (3.26) 6.15 (3.42)
Road Width Negative Distance of crossing leg, including all traffic lanes 0–2 1 799 0.921 ICC 1.98 (1.14) 1.96 (1.10)
Overall Crossings Score Positive Crossing – Road Width Negative − 1–15 22 777 0.885 ICC 6.27 (3.09) 6.03 (3.25)
  1. SD standard deviation
  2. aToo rare to calculate Kappa, reporting percent agreement