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Table 5 MAPS-Global Grand Scores and conceptual scale reliability (n = 331) between on-street and online raters

From: Reliability of streetscape audits comparing on‐street and online observations: MAPS-Global in 5 countries

Item Content Range of scores Number of items Inter-Rater Agreement Kappa/ICC Rater’s mean (SD)
On-street Online
Grand Score Overall (Overall DLU Positive + Overall Streetscape Positive + Overall Aesthetics /Social Positive + Overall Segments Positive + Overall Crossings Positive) – (Overall DLU Negative + Overall Aesthetics/Social Negative + Overall Segments Negative + Road Width Negative) − 0.17–70 116 0.861 ICC 19.28 (15.42) 18.49 (12.89)
Pedestrian Infrastructure Trail, pedestrian zone, sidewalk presence and width, buffer, shortcut, mid-segment crossing, pedestrian bridge, air-conditioned place to walk, low lights, overpass, crosswalk, refuge island 0-16.08 13 0.876 ICC 7.44 (3.00) 7.62 (3.05)
Pedestrian Design Open-air market, trash cans, benches, kiosks, hawkers and shops, setback, visibility, pedestrian walk signals, push buttons, countdown signals, ramps, crossing aids 1-18.47 14 0.885 ICC 9.51 (4.21) 9.14 (4.28)
Bike Facilities Bike racks, docking stations, lockers, bike lane, bike lane quality, signs, bike signal, bike box, bike lane crossing the crossing 0-7.67 9 0.925 ICC 0.77 (1.37) 0.83 (1.38)
  1. DLU destination and land use, SD standard deviation
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