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Fig. 5 | International Journal of Health Geographics

Fig. 5

From: Estimating the local spatio‐temporal distribution of malaria from routine health information systems in areas of low health care access and reporting

Fig. 5

Temporal and geographic patterns in malaria, before and after adjustments. The top two panels show the average monthly cases per 1000 population over time, with colors representing the PIVOT intervention (orange) and non-intervention (teal) Fokontany, a before and b after adjustments in the most plausible dataset. The vertical dashed lines indicate the date (October 2014) when user fees were removed from health centers in PIVOT intervention Fokontany. The bottom two panels show the average monthly malaria cases per 1000 population in each Fokontany by distance to the nearest health center, c before and d after adjustments for health care access. Solid lines are the smoothed conditional means (LOESS method) and grey areas are the 95% confidence interval around the mean. Equivalent plots including only children under 5 years can be found in Additional file 1: Figure S5

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