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Table 3 Measures of goodness-of-fit for geographically weighted regression (GWR) models (fixed and adaptive models)

From: Examining the diffusion of coronavirus disease 2019 cases in a metropolis: a space syntax approach

Criterion OLS GWR
Model (a) (b) (c) (d)
Bandwidth Fixed (10,205 ma) 100 neighbors 150 neighbors 200 neighbors
R2 0.441 0.493 0.588 0.555 0.536
Adjusted R2 0.439 0.477 0.523 0.511 0.501
AICcb 8195 8129 8103 8097 8101
z-score of residualsc 5.877 2.316 1.933 − 1.285 − 0.255
  1. aThe automatically selected value that minimizes the Akaike information criterion (AICc)
  2. bAICc refers to the corrected Akaike information criterion
  3. cz-score of residuals (significantly dispersed: < − 1.96; random: − 1.96 to 1.96; significantly clustered: > 1.96)