Skip to main content

Table 3 Differences in AS according to participants’ characteristics

From: Exploring factors affecting individual GPS-based activity space and how researcher-defined food environments represent activity space, exposure and use of food outlets

Characteristics n Mean Rank U z p-value
Mann–Whitney U test
 Gender
  Female 47 34 375 − 0.7 0.482
  Male 18 30    
 Employment status
  Full-time 51 34 290 − 1.07 0.285
  Part-time 14 28    
 Work shift
  No 54 34 214 − 1.45 0.146
  Yes 11 26    
 Working hours
   ≤ 8 h 51 31 444 1.39 0.165
   > 8 h 14 39    
 Transport mode from home to workplace
   Active 15 22 539 2.55 0.011*
  Motorised 50 36    
Characteristics n Mean Rank χ2 df p-value
Kruskal–Wallis Test
 Age group (years)
  18–20 11 19 18.77 4 0.001
  21–30 12 25    
  31–40 16 36    
  41–50 16 48    
   > 50 10 30    
 IMD quintile
  1 5 37 6.7 4 0.152
  2 19 25    
  3 15 31    
  4 10 36    
  5 16 41    
  1. *p-value < 0.05; χ2 = Chi-squire