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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of covariates, park environment, neighbourhood income, and park-based MVPA among adolescents (n = 2397)

From: Park environment and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity in parks among adolescents in a high-density city: the moderating role of neighbourhood income

Variables n (%) or M (SD)
Covariates  
Gender  
 Girls 396 (16.5%)
 Boys 2001 (83.5%)
Time periods  
 Morning 119 (5.0%)
 Noon 348 (14.5%)
 Afternoon 744 (31.0%)
 Evening 1186 (49.5%)
Day types  
 Weekdays 885 (36.9%)
 Weekend days 1512 (63.1%)
Formality of physical activity  
 Individual 169 (7.1%)
 Informal group activities 2212 (92.2%)
 Formally organized events 16 (0.7%)
Supervision in physical activity  
 No supervision 2058 (85.9%)
 Teachers/coaches 290 (12.1%)
 Parents/guardians/caregivers 49 (12.0%)
Temperature (℃) 24.56 (4.76)
Neighbourhood quality a 8.07 (1.08)
Walkability − 0.23 (1.29)
Park size (ha) 8.58 (7.19)
Park environmental characteristicsb
Diversity of active facilities 7.74 (2.57)
Quality of supporting amenities 7.15 (1.34)
Park safety 3.85 (0.84)
Park aesthetics 2.96 (1.61)
Greenness (%) 57.86 (21.33)
Neighbourhood income (HK$ 10 K) 2.50 (0.84)
Park-based MVPA (METs per observation) 15.86 (19.48)
  1. HK$ Hong Kong dollar, ha hectare, MET  metabolic equivalent, MVPA  moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, M  mean, SD  standard deviation, ℃  Degree Celsius
  2. aThe scores of neighbourhood quality ranged from 0 to 16
  3. bThe scores of the diversity of active facilities ranged from 0 to 16, the scores of the quality of supporting amenities ranged from 0 to 20, the scores of park safety ranged from 0 to 7, the scores of park aesthetics ranged from 0 to 7