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Table 1 Descriptive statistics

From: Associations between neighborhood characteristics and dating violence: does spatial scale matter?

  All (n = 879) Girls (n = 452) Boys (n = 427)
Individual-level variables % % %
Psychological DV perpetration
 At least once 20.25 23.76 16.68
 Never 79.75 76.24 83.32
Physical or sexual DV perpetration
 At least once 14.10 20.41 7.67
 Never 85.90 79.59 92.33
Psychological DV victimization
 At least once 28.78 34.13 23.33
 Never 71.22 65.87 76.67
Physical or sexual DV victimization
 At least once 19.94 22.83 17.01
 Never 80.06 77.17 82.99
Grade level
 Grade 7 or 8 29.09 25.09 33.15
 Grade 9 18.32 18.06 18.58
 Grade 10 23.71 23.93 23.50
 Grade 11 28.88 32.92 24.77
Parental country of birth
 Two parents born in Canada 42.21 37.88 46.61
 At least one parent born outside Canada 57.79 62.12 53.39
Family structure
 Two parents 64.74 61.96 67.57
 Blended family or shared custody 16.91 19.13 14.66
 Living with one parent or other family structure 18.35 18.92 17.78
Highest level of parental education
 High school or less 13.06 16.55 9.50
 College or professional training 18.38 20.20 16.54
 University 68.56 63.25 73.96
Neighborhood-level variables Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
250 m
 Sociodemographic characteristics
  Median income 58,754.92 (25,196.54) 57,754.87 (22,883.30) 59,772.37 (27,339.35)
  Single parenthood 20.32 (7.63) 20.72 (7.40) 19.92 (7.84)
  Residential instability 38.94 (13.13) 39.39 (12.84) 38.48 (13.42)
  Ethnocultural diversity 1.28 (0.39) 1.30 (0.39) 1.27 (0.39)
  Population density 9.89 (6.07) 9.90 (5.88) 9.88 (6.25)
 Risk factors
  Density of off-premises alcohol outlets 0.75 (1.18) 0.74 (1.12) 0.76 (1.23)
  Density of bars 0.31 (1.00) 0.35 (1.03) 0.28 (0.97)
  Crime rate 1.54 (2.18) 1.64 (2.76) 1.44 (1.34)
 Protective factors
  Walkability  0.47 (2.61)  0.37 (2.57)  0.58 (2.65)
  NDVI 0.50 (0.11) 0.49 (0.11) 0.50 (0.11)
  Density of green spaces 0.87 (0.95) 0.89 (0.92) 0.86 (0.99)
  Density of community organizations 0.39 (0.65) 0.37 (0.64) 0.40 (0.67)
500 m
 Sociodemographic characteristics
  Median income 57,714.61 (22,067.14) 56,744.45 (20,220.35) 58,701.65 (23,782.52)
  Single parenthood 20.33 (6.56) 20.74 (6.43) 19.91 (6.67)
  Residential instability 39.37 (11.88) 39.67 (11.50) 39.06 (12.26)
  Ethnocultural diversity 1.29 (0.37) 1.30 (0.38) 1.27 (0.37)
  Population density 8.61 (4.42) 8.65 (4.41) 8.58 (4.44)
 Risk factors
  Density of off-premises alcohol outlets 3.26 (3.91) 3.24 (3.77) 3.27 (4.04)
  Density of bars 1.50 (3.63) 1.51 (3.04) 1.49 (4.14)
  Crime rate 1.32 (3.16) 1.24 (1.01) 1.41 (4.37)
 Protective factors
  Walkability  0.53 (2.66)  0.44 (2.62)  0.61 (2.69)
  NDVI 0.50 (0.10) 0.49 (0.10) 0.50 (0.10)
  Density of green spaces 2.86 (2.35) 2.9 (2.32) 2.82 (2.38)
  Density of community organizations 1.10 (1.24) 1.06 (1.15) 1.15 (1.31)
750 m
 Sociodemographic characteristics
  Median income 56,871.79 (19,941.78) 56,039.25 (18,387.81) 57,718.81 (21,395.60)
  Single parenthood 20.52 (5.86) 20.87 (5.73) 20.16 (5.97)
  Residential instability 39.68 (11.01) 39.97 (10.5) 39.40 (11.52)
  Ethnocultural diversity 1.29 (0.36) 1.31 (0.36) 1.28 (0.36)
  Population density 7.99 (3.80) 8.09 (3.79) 7.89 (3.81)
 Risk factors
  Density of off-premises alcohol outlets 7.32 (7.64) 7.29 (7.56) 7.36 (7.72)
  Density of bars 3.78 (7.98) 3.83 (7.55) 3.72 (8.41)
  Crime rate 1.18 (0.64) 1.18 (0.63) 1.19 (0.65)
 Protective factors
  Walkability  0.55 (2.68)  0.46 (2.63)  0.65 (2.74)
  NDVI 0.49 (0.10) 0.49 (0.10) 0.50 (0.10)
  Density of green spaces 5.75 (4.18) 5.84 (4.29) 5.66 (4.07)
  Density of community organizations 2.08 (1.89) 2.00 (1.81) 2.16 (1.97)
1000 m
 Sociodemographic characteristics
  Median income 56,237.1 (17,931.19) 55,576.33 (16,738.62) 56,909.36 (19,064.11)
  Single parenthood 20.65 (5.40) 20.95 (5.34) 20.34 (5.45)
  Residential instability 40.08 (10.44) 40.39 (9.93) 39.76 (10.94)
  Ethnocultural diversity 1.30 (0.35) 1.31 (0.35) 1.29 (0.34)
  Population density 7.51 (3.40) 7.60 (3.35) 7.42 (3.45)
 Risk factors
  Density of off-premises alcohol outlets 12.69 (12.60) 12.73 (12.72) 12.65 (12.49)
  Density of bars 6.95 (13.98) 7.05 (13.57) 6.85 (14.40)
  Crime rate 1.18 (0.58) 1.18 (0.58) 1.18 (0.59)
 Protective factors
  Walkability  0.54 (2.69)  0.44 (2.63)  0.64 (2.75)
  NDVI 0.49 (0.09) 0.49 (0.09) 0.49 (0.09)
  Density of green spaces 9.42 (6.38) 9.53 (6.60) 9.31 (6.15)
  Density of community organizations 3.42 (2.75) 3.29 (2.72) 3.54 (2.78)