Skip to main content

Table 2 Associations between neighborhood characteristics and DV among boys

From: Associations between neighborhood characteristics and dating violence: does spatial scale matter?

  250 m 500 m 750 m 1000 m
ß (SE) AIC ß (SE) AIC ß (SE) AIC ß (SE) AIC
Psychological DV perpetration
Risk factors
 Density of off-premises alcohol outlets2 0.15 (0.14) 363.351 0.08 (0.04)* 362.064 0.05 (0.03) 362.621 0.02 (0.02) 363.195
 Density of bars2  0.18 (0.17) 363.249  0.03 (0.03) 363.620  0.02 (0.01) 363.449  0.01 (0.01) 363.380
 Crime rate3  0.08 (0.13) 362.791  0.21 (0.34) 362.638  0.56 (0.35) 361.415  0.33 (0.39) 362.628
Protective factors
 Walkability1 0.09 (0.08) 362.323 0.10 (0.09) 362.486 0.09 (0.09) 362.629 0.10 (0.09) 362.365
 NDVI2  1.92 (2.29) 363.504  1.00 (2.37) 364.134  0.89 (2.53) 364.187  0.45 (2.54) 364.289
 Density of green spaces2  0.28 (0.21) 361.705  0.07 (0.08) 363.399  0.06 (0.05) 362.343  0.04 (0.03) 362.239
 Density of community organizations2 0.24 (0.23) 362.165  0.02 (0.12) 364.297  0.07 (0.08) 363.611  0.03 (0.06) 364.085
Physical or sexual DV perpetration
Risk factors
 Density of off-premises alcohol outlets2 0.01 (0.17) 242.997 0.04 (0.06) 242.771 0.00 (0.03) 243.000 0.01 (0.03) 242.950
 Density of bars2  0.32 (0.26) 241.920  0.03 (0.06) 242.897  0.03 (0.02)† 242.115  0.02 (0.01) 242.270
 Crime rate3 0.14 (0.16) 245.851 0.97 (0.28)*** 237.656 0.84 (0.37)* 241.587 0.08 (0.56) 246.688
Protective factors
 Walkability1 0.04 (0.12) 241.001  0.02 (0.11) 241.101 0.02 (0.11) 241.090  0.01 (0.12) 241.117
 NDVI2 0.86 (3.30) 242.908 2.54 (3.95) 242.334 2.43 (4.11) 242.470 1.77 (3.86) 242.728
 Density of green spaces2 0.10 (0.17) 242.730  0.04 (0.06) 242.811  0.03 (0.05) 242.744  0.03 (0.04) 242.436
 Density of community organizations2 0.04 (0.36) 242.984  0.15 (0.18) 242.313  0.11 (0.16) 242.264  0.05 (0.11) 242.714
Psychological DV victimization
Risk factors
 Density of off-premises alcohol outlets2 0.17 (0.13) 460.258 0.06 (0.05) 460.447 0.01 (0.03) 461.867 0.00 (0.02) 462.022
 Density of bars2 0.01 (0.11) 462.040  0.03 (0.03) 461.575  0.01 (0.01) 461.414  0.01 (0.01) 461.505
 Crime rate3 0.00 (0.11) 461.795  0.01 (0.03) 461.770  0.13 (0.35) 461.644  0.17 (0.42) 461.612
Protective factors
 Walkability1  0.05 (0.08) 461.103  0.10 (0.09) 460.043  0.08 (0.10) 460.752  0.01 (0.09) 461.562
 NDVI2  2.75 (1.99) 459.792  2.88 (2.13) 460.042  3.59 (2.13)† 459.257 4.24 (2.09)* 458.285
 Density of green spaces2  0.22 (0.16) 459.432  0.01 (0.05) 462.005 0.00 (0.03) 462.042  0.01 (0.03) 461.718
 Density of community organizations2 0.25 (0.22) 460.124 0.01 (0.11) 462.023  0.01 (0.08) 462.007  0.02 (0.06) 461.913
Physical or sexual DV victimization
Risk factors
 Density of off-premises alcohol outlets2 0.06 (0.13) 403.780  0.01 (0.05) 403.894  0.03 (0.03) 403.315 0.00 (0.02) 403.891
 Density of bars2  0.13 (0.19) 403.313  0.02 (0.03) 403.620  0.01 (0.02) 403.560  0.01 (0.01) 403.618
 Crime rate3 0.18 (0.09)* 404.269  0.02 (0.02) 407.190 0.03 (0.24) 407.190  0.13 (0.37) 407.089
Protective factors
 Walkability1  0.04 (0.08) 401.915  0.02 (0.09) 402.165 0.02 (0.10) 402.145  0.03 (0.10) 402.123
 NDVI2 0.35 (1.98) 403.883 0.68 (2.13) 403.817 1.35 (2.15) 403.571 0.57 (2.12) 403.855
 Density of green spaces2  0.04 (0.15) 403.830 0.01 (0.07) 403.904 0.04 (0.04) 402.625 0.02 (0.03) 403.306
 Density of community organizations2 0.07 (0.21) 403.813  0.18 (0.13) 401.684  0.02 (0.08) 403.879 0.01 (0.06) 403.898
  1. 1Models were adjusted for individual-level covariates and sociodemographic characteristics at the neighborhood-level. The scale used for each neighborhood-level covariates varies by outcomes (lowest AIC)
  2. 2Models were adjusted for individual-level covariates and sociodemographic characteristics and walkability at the neighborhood-level. The scale used for each neighborhood-level covariates varies by outcomes (lowest AIC)
  3. 3Models were adjusted for individual-level covariates, and sociodemographic characteristics, walkability, density of green spaces, density of off-premises alcohol outlets and density of bars at the neighborhood-level. The scale used for each neighborhood-level covariates varies by outcomes (lowest AIC)
  4. ***p < 0.001; **p < 0.01; *p < 0.05; †p < 0.10