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  1. In 2003, the Ethiopian Ministry of Health (MOH) started to implement a national antiretroviral treatment (ART) program. Using data in the monthly HIV/AIDS Updates issued by the MOH, this paper examines the spa...

    Authors: Helmut Kloos, Yibeltal Assefa, Aynalem Adugna, Mesfin Samuel Mulatu and Damen Haile Mariam

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:45

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Several malaria risk maps have been developed in recent years, many from the prevalence of infection data collated by the MARA (Mapping Malaria Risk in Africa) project, and using various environmental data set...

    Authors: Marlies H Craig, Brian L Sharp, Musawenkosi LH Mabaso and Immo Kleinschmidt

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:44

    Content type: Research

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  3. Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) is more efficacious than thrombolysis in the management of acute myocardial infarction, but, because of the requirement for prompt treatment, there are practica...

    Authors: Augustine Pereira, Aphrodite Niggebrugge, John Powles, David Kanka and Georgios Lyratzopoulos

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:43

    Content type: Research

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  4. In 2002, West Nile virus (WNV) first appeared in Texas. Surveillance data were retrospectively examined to explore the temporal and spatial characteristics of the Texas equine WNV epidemic in 2002. Using Geogr...

    Authors: Min Lian, Ronald D Warner, James L Alexander and Kenneth R Dixon

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:42

    Content type: Methodology

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  5. There is increasing interest in examining the influence of the built environment on physical activity. High-resolution data in a geographic information system is increasingly being used to measure salient aspe...

    Authors: Lisa N Oliver, Nadine Schuurman and Alexander W Hall

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:41

    Content type: Methodology

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  6. In 2002, major human epidemics of West Nile Virus (WNV) were reported in five cities in the North East region of North America. The present analysis examines the climatic conditions that were conducive to the ...

    Authors: Salaheddine El Adlouni, Claudie Beaulieu, Taha BMJ Ouarda, Pierre L Gosselin and André Saint-Hilaire

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:40

    Content type: Research

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  7. In the context of ecological studies, the Bayesian hierarchical Poisson model is of prime interest when studying the association between environmental exposure and rare diseases. However, adding spatially stru...

    Authors: Aurélien Latouche, Chantal Guihenneuc-Jouyaux, Claire Girard and Denis Hémon

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:39

    Content type: Research

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  8. A measure of general practice level socioeconomic deprivation can be used to explore the association between deprivation and other practice characteristics. An area-based categorisation is commonly chosen as t...

    Authors: Mark Strong, Ravi Maheswaran, Tim Pearson and Paul Fryers

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:38

    Content type: Methodology

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  9. Half of the population of Africa will soon live in towns and cities where it can be protected from malaria by controlling aquatic stages of mosquitoes. Rigorous but affordable and scaleable methods for mapping...

    Authors: Stefan Dongus, Dickson Nyika, Khadija Kannady, Deo Mtasiwa, Hassan Mshinda, Ulrike Fillinger, Axel W Drescher, Marcel Tanner, Marcia C Castro and Gerry F Killeen

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:37

    Content type: Methodology

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  10. Human African Trypanosomiasis is a vector-borne parasitic disease. The geographical distribution of the disease is linked to the spatial distribution of the tsetse fly. As part of a control campaign using trap...

    Authors: Jorge Cano, Miguel Angel Descalzo, Nicolas Ndong-Mabale, Pedro Ndongo-Asumu, Leonardo Bobuakasi, Jesús N Buatiché, Sisinio Nzambo-Ondo, Melchor Ondo-Esono, Agustin Benito and Jesus Roche

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:36

    Content type: Research

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  11. Space-time interaction arises when nearby cases occur at about the same time, and may be attributable to an infectious etiology or from exposures that cause a geographically localized increase in risk. But ava...

    Authors: Geoffrey M Jacquez, Jaymie Meliker and Andy Kaufmann

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:35

    Content type: Methodology

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  12. Malignant neoplasm of the pancreas has become one of the leading causes of death from malignant neoplasm in Japan (the 5th in 2003). Although smoking is believed to be a risk factor, other risk factors remain ...

    Authors: Setsuko Kinoshita, Yukiko Wagatsuma and Masafumi Okada

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:34

    Content type: Research

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  13. Co-morbidity with conditions such as fever, diarrhoea and pneumonia is a common phenomenon in tropical Africa. However, little is known about geographical overlaps in these illnesses. Spatial modelling may imp...

    Authors: Lawrence N Kazembe, Adamson S Muula, Christopher C Appleton and Immo Kleinschmidt

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:33

    Content type: Research

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  14. Our progress towards the goal of eliminating racial health disparities requires methods for assessing the existence, magnitude, and statistical significance of health disparities. In comparing disease rates, w...

    Authors: Pierre Goovaerts, Jaymie R Meliker and Geoffrey M Jacquez

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:32

    Content type: Methodology

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  15. Although economic reforms have brought significant benefits, including improved health care to many Chinese people, accessibility to improved care has not been distributed evenly throughout Chinese society. Al...

    Authors: Mohammad Ali, Yang Jin, Deok Ryun Kim, Zhou Bao De, Jin Kyung Park, Rion Leon Ochiai, Baiqing Dong, John D Clemens and Camilo J Acosta

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:31

    Content type: Research

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  16. The statistics of disease clustering is one of the most important tools for epidemiologists to detect and monitor public health disease patterns. Nowadays, tuberculosis (TB) – an infectious disease caused by the

    Authors: Carla Nunes

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:30

    Content type: Research

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  17. Meningococcal meningitis (MM) represents an important public health problem especially in the "meningitis belt" in Africa. Although seasonality of epidemics is well known with outbreaks usually starting in the...

    Authors: Hélène Broutin, Solenne Philippon, Guillaume Constantin de Magny, Marie-Françoise Courel, Benjamin Sultan and Jean-François Guégan

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:29

    Content type: Research

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  18. Recent adaptations of the spatial scan approach to detecting disease clusters have addressed the problem of finding clusters that occur in non-compact and non-circular shapes – such as along roads or river net...

    Authors: Nikolaos Yiannakoulias, Rhonda J Rosychuk and John Hodgson

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:28

    Content type: Methodology

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  19. Identification of socioeconomic and health inequalities at the local scale is facilitated by using relevant small geographical sectors. Although these places are routinely defined according to administrative b...

    Authors: Alexandre Lebel, Robert Pampalon and Paul Y Villeneuve

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:27

    Content type: Methodology

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  20. This research concerns Araucanía, often called the Ninth Region, the poorest region of Chile where inequalities are most extreme. Araucanía hasn't enjoyed the economic success Chile achieved when the country retu...

    Authors: Flavio Rojas

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:26

    Content type: Research

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  21. Vehicle traffic is the major source of noise in urban environments, which in turn has multiple impacts on health. In this paper we investigate the spatial distribution of community noise exposures and annoyanc...

    Authors: Edmund Yet Wah Seto, Ashley Holt, Tom Rivard and Rajiv Bhatia

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:24

    Content type: Research

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  22. Infant immunisation is an effective public health intervention to reduce the morbidity and mortality of vaccine preventable diseases. However, some developing countries fail to achieve desirable vaccination co...

    Authors: Taufiq Mashal, Keiko Nakamura, Masashi Kizuki, Kaoruko Seino and Takehito Takano

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:23

    Content type: Research

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  23. The motivation for this paper is to inform the selection of future policy directions for tackling HIV/AIDS in Russia. The Russian Federation has more people living with HIV/AIDS than any other country in Europ...

    Authors: Dominique Moran and Jacob A Jordaan

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:22

    Content type: Research

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  24. We examined algorithms for malaria mapping using the impact of reflectance calibration uncertainties on the accuracies of three vegetation indices (VI)'s derived from QuickBird data in three rice agro-village ...

    Authors: Benjamin G Jacob, Ephantus J Muturi, Joseph M Mwangangi, Jose Funes, Erick X Caamano, Simon Muriu, Josephat Shililu, John Githure and Robert J Novak

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:21

    Content type: Research

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  25. The aims of this study were to determine if observed geographic variations in colorectal cancer incidence are simply random or are statistically significant deviations from randomness, whether statistically si...

    Authors: Laurie M DeChello and T Joseph Sheehan

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:20

    Content type: Research

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  26. This study is part of several ongoing projects concerning epidemiological research into the effects on health of exposure to air pollutants in the region of Scania, southern Sweden. The aim is to investigate t...

    Authors: Emilie Stroh, Lars Harrie and Susanna Gustafsson

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:19

    Content type: Methodology

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  27. Levels of byproducts that result from the disinfection of drinking water vary within a water distribution system. This prompted us to question whether the risk for rectal cancer also varies, depending upon one...

    Authors: Gerald E Bove Jr, Peter A Rogerson and John E Vena

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:18

    Content type: Research

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  28. Over the past several decades researchers have produced substantial evidence of a social gradient in a variety of health outcomes, rising from systematic differences in income, education, employment conditions...

    Authors: Nathaniel Bell, Nadine Schuurman and Michael V Hayes

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:17

    Content type: Research

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  29. Vector-borne and zoonotic diseases generally display clear spatial patterns due to different space-dependent factors. Land cover and land use influence disease transmission by controlling both the spatial dist...

    Authors: Catherine Linard, Pénélope Lamarque, Paul Heyman, Geneviève Ducoffre, Victor Luyasu, Katrien Tersago, Sophie O Vanwambeke and Eric F Lambin

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:15

    Content type: Research

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  30. With the objective of identifying spatial and temporal patterns of enzootic raccoon variant rabies, a spatial scan statistic was utilized to search for significant terrestrial rabies clusters by year in New Yo...

    Authors: Sergio Recuenco, Millicent Eidson, Martin Kulldorff, Glen Johnson and Bryan Cherry

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:14

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. Spatial cluster detection is an important tool in cancer surveillance to identify areas of elevated risk and to generate hypotheses about cancer etiology. There are many cluster detection methods used in spati...

    Authors: David C Wheeler

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:13

    Content type: Research

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  32. Geocoding methods vary among spatial epidemiology studies. Errors in the geocoding process and differential match rates may reduce study validity. We compared two geocoding methods using 8,157 Washington State...

    Authors: Gina S Lovasi, Jeremy C Weiss, Richard Hoskins, Eric A Whitsel, Kenneth Rice, Craig F Erickson and Bruce M Psaty

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:12

    Content type: Research

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  33. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) have been used in a wide variety of applications to integrate data and explore the spatial relationship of geographic features. Traditionally this has referred to features ...

    Authors: Jane L Garb, Sabha Ganai, Ric Skinner, Christopher S Boyd and Richard B Wait

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:11

    Content type: Methodology

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  34. West Nile virus infection in humans in urban areas of the Midwestern United States has exhibited strong spatial clustering during epidemic years. We derived urban landscape classes from the physical and socio-...

    Authors: Marilyn O Ruiz, Edward D Walker, Erik S Foster, Linn D Haramis and Uriel D Kitron

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:10

    Content type: Research

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  35. Recent advances in mobile positioning systems and telecommunications are providing the technology needed for the development of location-aware tele-care applications. This paper introduces CAALYX – Complete Am...

    Authors: Maged N Kamel Boulos, Artur Rocha, Angelo Martins, Manuel Escriche Vicente, Armin Bolz, Robert Feld, Igor Tchoudovski, Martin Braecklein, John Nelson, Gearóid Ó Laighin, Claudio Sdogati, Francesca Cesaroni, Marco Antomarini, Angela Jobes and Mark Kinirons

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:9

    Content type: Editorial

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  36. Reducing the potential for large scale loss of life, large numbers of casualties, and widespread displacement of populations that can result from natural disasters is a difficult challenge for the individuals,...

    Authors: Zine El Abidine El Morjani, Steeve Ebener, John Boos, Eman Abdel Ghaffar and Altaf Musani

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:8

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  37. Hydropower plants provide more than 78 % of Brazil's electricity generation, but the country's reservoirs are potential new habitats for main vectors of malaria. In a case study in the surroundings of the Mans...

    Authors: Peter Zeilhofer, Emerson Soares dos Santos, Ana LM Ribeiro, Rosina D Miyazaki and Marina Atanaka dos Santos

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:7

    Content type: Research

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  38. The threat posed by the use of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) within the United States has grown significantly in recent years, focusing attention on the medical and public health disaster capabilities of t...

    Authors: William C Bell and Cham E Dallas

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:5

    Content type: Research

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  39. Access to varied, healthy and inexpensive foods is an important public health concern that has been widely documented. Consequently, there is an increasing interest in identifying food deserts, that is, social...

    Authors: Philippe Apparicio, Marie-Soleil Cloutier and Richard Shearmur

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:4

    Content type: Research

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  40. The objective of this evaluation was to determine whether reports of dead corvid sightings and submissions of dead corvids for West Nile virus testing were representative of true corvid mortality in British Co...

    Authors: Samara T David, Sunny Mak, Laura MacDougall and Murray Fyfe

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:3

    Content type: Research

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  41. The highlands of Madagascar present an unstable transmission pattern of malaria. The population has no immunity, and the central highlands have been the sites of epidemics with particularly high fatality. The ...

    Authors: Fanjasoa Rakotomanana, Rindra V Randremanana, Léon P Rabarijaona, Jean Bernard Duchemin, Jocelyn Ratovonjato, Frédéric Ariey, Jean Paul Rudant and Isabelle Jeanne

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:2

    Content type: Research

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  42. The assignment of a point-level geocode to subjects' residences is an important data assimilation component of many geographic public health studies. Often, these assignments are made by a method known as auto...

    Authors: Dale L Zimmerman, Xiangming Fang, Soumya Mazumdar and Gerard Rushton

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2007 6:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. The present paper deals with the relationship between health indicators and human development in the Arab region. Beyond descriptive analysis showing geographic similarities and disparities inter countries, th...

    Authors: Abdesslam Boutayeb and Mansour Serghini

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2006 5:61

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) related climate anomalies have been shown to have an impact on infectious disease outbreaks. The Climate Prediction Center of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administra...

    Authors: Assaf Anyamba, Jean-Paul Chretien, Jennifer Small, Compton J Tucker and Kenneth J Linthicum

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2006 5:60

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. This study evaluated geographic distribution of race-specific prostate cancer incidence in Connecticut and Massachusetts. This cross-sectional analysis of census and cancer registry data included records of 29...

    Authors: Laurie M DeChello, David I Gregorio and Holly Samociuk

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2006 5:59

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  46. While the use of spatially referenced data for the analysis of epidemiological data is growing, issues associated with selecting the appropriate geographic unit of analysis are also emerging. A particularly pr...

    Authors: Tony H Grubesic and Timothy C Matisziw

    Citation: International Journal of Health Geographics 2006 5:58

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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